In last week's Scholar Spotlight, Laidlaw scholar Nathaniel Beckett recommended the book Endurance, which chronicles the tale of British explorer Ernest Shackleton's 1914 attempt to reach the South Pole. The wreck of Shackleton's ship, the Endurance, was found at the bottom of the Weddell Sea just last month.
Sir Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) was an Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic.
Shackleton first explored the polar regions as the third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery expedition of 1901–1904, during which he and his companions set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. He returned to Antarctica to lead the Nimrod expedition of 1907–1909 and established a new record Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles (112 statute miles or 180 kilometres) from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. On this voyage members of his team also climbed Mount Erebus, the most active Antarctic volcano. On his return to England, Shackleton was knighted and was made a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order for these achievements.
In August 1914 the British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1914–16) left England under Shackleton’s leadership. Disaster struck this expedition when its ship, Endurance, became trapped in pack ice and drifted for 10 months before being slowly crushed. The crew escaped by camping on the sea ice for five months until it disintegrated, then by launching the lifeboats to reach Elephant Island and ultimately South Georgia Island, after a voyage of 800 miles across dangerous waters. Throughout the ordeal, not one of Shackleton’s crew of the Endurance died.