Desmond Tutu (1931 - 2021) was a South African Anglican bishop and theologian, known as a powerful force for nonviolence in South Africa’s anti-apartheid movement. Tutu was born in Klerksdorp, South Africa, and trained as a teacher before becoming ordained as an Anglican priest and studying theology. He was the first black African to serve as the Bishop of Johannesburg (1985-1986) and then Archbishop of Cape Town (1986-1996).
During his time as the general secretary of the South African Council of Churches (1978-1985), he emerged as one of the most prominent opponents of South Africa's apartheid system of racial segregation and white minority rule. He stressed nonviolence and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in 1984.
Alongside anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela, he led negotiations to end apartheid and introduce multi-racial democracy. He continued to campaign for human rights after the fall of apartheid until his retirement from public life in 2010.
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👁️ Ellen Johnson Sirleaf: "If your dreams do not scare you, they are not big enough."