The central objective of our research project is to observe the competing regional and national symbols in public spaces/spatial environment and account for regional differences. We evaluated the role of national and regional leadership as a factor to explain this difference. Our case study was in the Spanish major cities of Barcelona and Madrid. These two cities were successful to evaluate our research question because Catalonia is in the midst of independence protests while Madrid is the Spanish capital therefore it will be interesting to investigate different perceptions of leadership, nationalism, and regionalism within a nation.
Laidlaw Final Research Report
Further details and discussion about the competing identities of the Catalonian and Madrileño culture.